A DETAILED 2PP LETTER FROM FORT BRAGG BY CHINESE AMERICAN PRIVATE WU S. WING 31363104 IN ORIGINAL ENVELOPE POSTMARKED SEP 27 1943. Fort Bragg, North Carolina, is a military installation of the United States Army in North Carolina, and is one of the largest military installations in the world, with around 57,000 military personnel.  It is located within Cumberland, Hoke, Harnett, and Moore counties and borders the towns of Fayetteville, Spring Lake, and Southern Pines. It was also a census-designated place in the 2000 census, during which a residential population of 29,183 was identified. It is named for native North Carolinian Confederate General Braxton Bragg, who had previously served in the United States Army in the Mexican-American War. Fort Bragg is one of ten United States Army installations named for officers who led military units of the Confederacy in the American Civil War. Fort Bragg covers over 251 square miles (650 km2). It is the home of the Army's XVIII Airborne Corps and is the headquarters of the United States Army Special Operations Command, which oversees the U. Army 1st Special Forces Command (Airborne) and 75th Ranger Regiment. It is also home to the U. Army Reserve Command, and Womack Army Medical Center. Fort Bragg maintains two airfields: Pope Field, where the United States Air Force stations global airlift and special operations assets as well as the Air Force Combat Control School, and Simmons Army Airfield, where Army aviation units support the needs of airborne and special operations forces on post. One of the signs at an entrance to the post. Fort Bragg, North Carolina is located in North CarolinaFort Bragg, North CarolinaFort Bragg, North Carolina.
Location within the state of North Carolina. 251.0 sq mi (650.2 km2). 249.7 sq mi (646.8 km2).1.3 sq mi (3.4 km2). 158.02/sq mi (61.01/km2). Camp Bragg was established in 1918 as an artillery training ground. The Chief of Field Artillery, General William J.
Snow, was seeking an area having suitable terrain, adequate water, rail facilities, and a climate suitable for year-round training, and he decided that the area now known as Fort Bragg met all of the desired criteria.  Camp Bragg was named for Braxton Bragg, a former U.
Army artillery commander and West Point graduate who later fought for the Confederacy during the American Civil War.  There was an airfield on the camp used by aircraft and balloons for artillery spotters. The airfield was named Pope Field on April 1, 1919, in honor of First Lieutenant Harley H. Pope,  an airman who was killed while flying nearby. The work on the camp was finished on November 1, 1919.
The original plan for six brigades was abandoned after World War I ended and once demobilization had started. The artillerymen, and their equipment and material from Camp McClellan, Alabama, were moved to Fort Bragg and testing began on long-range weapons that were a product of the war.  The six artillery brigades were reduced to two cantonments and a garrison was to be built for Army troops as well as a National Guard training center.  In early 1921 two field artillery units, the 13th and 17th Field Artillery Brigades began training at Camp Bragg. The same year, the Long Street Church and six acres of property were acquired for the reservation. The church was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. Due to the post-war cutbacks, the camp was nearly closed for good when the War department issued orders to close the camp on August 7, 1921. Bowley was commander at the camp and after much campaigning, and getting the Secretary of War to visit the camp, the closing order was canceled on September 16, 1921. The Field Artillery Board was transferred to Fort Bragg on February 1, 1922. Camp Bragg was renamed Fort Bragg, to signify becoming a permanent Army post, on September 30, 1922.
From 1923 to 1924 permanent structures were constructed on Fort Bragg, including four barracks. By 1940, during World War II, the population of Fort Bragg had reached 5,400; however, in the following year, that number ballooned to 67,000.
Various units trained at Fort Bragg during World War II, including the 9th Infantry Division, 2nd Armored Division, 82nd Airborne Division, 100th Infantry Division, and various field artillery groups. The population reached a peak of 159,000 during the war years. Following World War II, the 82nd Airborne Division was permanently stationed at Fort Bragg, the only large unit there for some time. In July 1951, the XVIII Airborne Corps was reactivated at Fort Bragg.
Fort Bragg became a center for unconventional warfare, with the creation of the Psychological Warfare Center in April 1952, followed by the 10th Special Forces Group. In 1961, the 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne) was activated at Fort Bragg, with the mission of training counter-insurgency forces in Southeast Asia. Also in 1961, the "Iron Mike" statue, a tribute to all Airborne soldiers, past, present, and future was dedicated. In early 1962 the 326 Army Security Agency Company, de-activated after the Korean War, was reactivated at Ft.In August of that year, an operational contingent of that Company was relocated to Homestead AFB Florida, due to the Cuban Missile Crisis. Circa 1963, that contingent was reassigned to the newly created USASA 6th Field Station.  More than 200,000 young men underwent basic combat training here during the period 1966-70. At the peak of the Vietnam War in 1968, Fort Bragg's military population rose to 57,840.
In June 1972, the 1st Corps Support Command arrived at Fort Bragg. In the 1980s, there was a series of deployments of tenant units to the Caribbean, first to Grenada in 1983, Honduras in 1988, and to Panama in 1989. The 5th Special Forces Group departed Fort Bragg in the late 1980s.Soldiers of the 82nd Airborne Division training on Fort Bragg, December 2005. In 1990, the XVIII Airborne Corps and the 82nd Airborne Division deployed to Saudi Arabia in support of Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm. In the mid- and late 1990s, there was increased modernization of the facilities in Fort Bragg. As a result of campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq, the units on Fort Bragg have seen a sizeable increase to their operations tempo (OPTEMPO), with units conducting two, three, or even four or more deployments to combat zones. As directed by law, and in accordance with the recommendations of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission, Fort McPherson, Georgia, closed and U. Army Forces Command and U. Army Reserve Command relocated to Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Army Reserve Command Headquarters facility completed construction at Fort Bragg in June 2011. Forces Command hosted June 24, 2011 an Army "Casing of the Colors" ceremony on Fort McPherson and an "uncasing of colors ceremony" on August 1, 2011, at Fort Bragg.
On March 1, 2011, Pope Field, the former Pope Air Force Base, was absorbed into Fort Bragg. Hover the cursor over the top right infobox insignias to see the selected unit name. Or navigate using the Fort Bragg template at the foot of this page - use the'show' link to display it. Barracks of the 1st Brigade, 82nd Airborne Division at Fort Bragg.Paratroopers in training at Fort Bragg. The Special Warfare Memorial Statue at Fort Bragg. The major commands at the installation are the United States Army Forces Command, the United States Army Reserve Command, and the United States Army Special Operations Command.
Several airborne and special operations units of the United States Army are stationed at Fort Bragg, notably the 82nd Airborne Division, the 3rd Special Forces Group (Airborne), and the Delta Force. The latter is controlled by the Joint Special Operations Command, based at Pope Field within Fort Bragg. Division Headquarters and Headquarters Battalion, 82nd Airborne Division.1st Infantry Brigade Combat Team "1st Devil Brigade Combat Team". 2nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team "2nd Falcon Brigade Combat Team". 3rd Infantry Brigade Combat Team "3rd Panther Brigade Combat Team". 82nd Airborne Division Sustainment Brigade. United States Army Special Operations Command.
1st Special Forces Command (Airborne). 1st Special Forces Command Intelligence Battalion. 3rd Special Forces Group (Airborne). United States Army Special Operations Aviation Command.
4th Psychological Operations Group (Airborne). 8th Psychological Operations Group (Airborne). 95th Civil Affairs Brigade (Airborne).Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School. Other Army units on base. 108th Air Defense Artillery Brigade.
1st Battalion, 313th Regiment (Logistics Support Battalion). B Company, 249th Engineer Battalion (Prime Power). Airborne and Special Operations Test Directorate. Units at Simmons Army Airfield.
18th Air Support Operations Group. 11th Special Operations Intelligence Squadron. 14th Air Support Operations Squadron. 43d Air Mobility Operations Group. Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta (SFOD-D) a.2nd Security Force Assistance Brigade (2nd SFAB). Fort Bragg is at 35°8'21" north, 78°59'57" west (35.139064, -78.999143). According to the United States Census Bureau, the post has a total area of 19.0 square miles (49.2 km2), of which, 19.0 square miles (49.1 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it is water. The total area is 0.32% water. Kiest, Simmons, Boundary Line, McFayden, Hurley and Holland lakes are intensively managed to maintain fish populations. Croatan, Quail, Deer Pen, Overhills, Big Muddy, Little Muddy, Texas, MacArthur, Smith, Mott, and Lindsay lakes are managed, but are not normally treated or restocked since their fish populations are respectable and are maintained naturally. Bragg is the only locality where the endangered Saint Francis' satyr butterfly (Neonympha mitchellii francisci) is known to occur. Francis' satyr is found in wetland habitat dominated by graminoids and sedges such as abandoned beaver dams or along streams with beavers.
Fort Bragg fever, a bacterial zoonotic disease, has been named after it, in reference to an outbreak in 1942. In 1990, the endangered red-cockaded woodpecker came under the protection of the U. This caused a tremendous problem for Fort Bragg, where many of these birds lived. Training stopped, ranges were closed, and troops were temporarily moved to other installations for training. The Army and the conservationists eventually came to an agreement, which put in place training restrictions around the woodpeckers' habitat.White stripes were painted on trees to indicate the location of the habitats, and restrictions limited the scope and duration of training that could take place within 200 feet (61 m) of these locations. Today, the clusters of woodpeckers has more than doubled in size (200 to 493), and many of the training restrictions have been lifted. As of the census of 2000, there were 29,183 people, 4,315 households, and 4,215 families residing on the base. The population density was 1,540.0 inhabitants per square mile (594.6/km2). There were 4,420 housing units at an average density of 233.3 per square mile (90.1/km2). Fort Bragg was not recorded as a census-designated place for the 2010 census.
In 2000, the racial makeup of the base was 58.1% Caucasian, 25.3% African-American, 1.2% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.9% Pacific Islander, 8.3% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. 15.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In 2000, there were 4,315 households, out of which 85.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 88.9% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2.3% were non-families.2.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 0.0% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.72, and the average family size was 3.74.
The age distribution in 2000 was 25.8% under the age of 18, 40.9% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 1.1% from 45 to 64, and 0.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 217.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 293.5 males.All of these statistics are typical for military bases. 10.0% of the population and 9.6% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 11.4% of those under the age of 18 and 0.0% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. Corvias-managed housing under IMCOM is attracting national attention because of reports of lead contamination, black mold, and asbestos from base residents. In January 1942, Mickey Rooney visited Fort Bragg to entertain the soldiers.  Two years later, he was drafted and served in the Army until the end of World War II.
On October 12, 1961, President John F. Bragg and the US Army Special Warfare Center and officializes the wear of the Green Beret. On February 17, 1970, Jeffrey R. MacDonald murdered his pregnant wife and two daughters.The events surrounding the murders were retold in the book Fatal Vision, itself made into a television miniseries of the same name. On May 10, 1987, President Ronald Reagan visits during a USO show with Bob Hope and other celebrities. On July 1, 1987, a C-130 crashes during a public demonstration at the Sicily Drop Zone. Four airmen and one soldier die. On March 23, 1994, twenty-four members of Fort Bragg's 82nd Airborne Division were killed and over 100 others injured while preparing for a routine airborne training operation during the Green Ramp disaster at neighboring Pope Air Force base. It was the worst peacetime loss of life suffered by the division since the end of World War II. On October 27, 1995, William Kreutzer, Jr. Opened fire at Fort Bragg, killing an officer and wounding 18 other soldiers.
On June 28, 2005, President George W. Bush gave a nationally televised speech at Fort Bragg to reaffirm the United States' mission in Iraq. On December 13, 2011, WWE hosted its annual Tribute to the Troops for Fort Bragg at the Fayetteville Crown Coliseum with special guest stars Robin Williams, Nickelback, and Mary J. On December 14, 2011, President Barack Obama gave a nationally televised speech thanking soldiers for their service in Operation Iraqi Freedom.In 2012, Ashley Broadway, the wife of Lt. Heather Mack, was denied full membership to the Association of Bragg Officers' Spouses.
On June 28, 2012, Specialist Ricky G. Elder shot and killed Lieutenant Colonel Roy L. Tisdale of the 525th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade during a safety brief.
The soldier also shot himself and injured two other fellow soldiers.  He later died of his injuries.
On January 20, 2013, Army Times highlights the experience of a married same-sex couple at Fort Bragg, both service members, who are denied the housing allowance and other benefits that are available to different-sex married service members. On March 8, 2016, Major League Baseball announced that the Atlanta Braves and Miami Marlins would play a special neutral-site game, the Fort Bragg Game, at Fort Bragg Stadium, a newly constructed ballpark at Fort Bragg, on July 3, 2016. It was the first time that an active military installation has hosted a regular-season game of a professional sports league. The game was attended primarily by military members.  In addition, the game was the first Major League Baseball regular season game ever held in the state of North Carolina. The ballpark was built on a disused golf course and sat 12,500 fans for the game, a 5-2 Marlins win televised live on ESPN. Following the conclusion of the game, the grandstands and other facilities were removed, and the field became a multi-use sporting ground. On Oct 21, 2020, the official Fort Bragg Twitter account sent out several sexually charged tweets.
Main category: People from Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Michael Blake, author and screenwriter. Ernie Logan, former NFL football player. Jeffrey MacDonald, former Green Beret physician; charged with the 1970 murders of his pregnant wife and two daughters; convicted in 1979 and serving a life sentence.
Jason Miller (born 1980), retired mixed martial arts fighter, grew up on Fort Bragg. Julianne Moore, actress (born 1960). Joe Morris, Super Bowl champion and two-time Pro Bowl running back. On May 4, 2017 bi-partisan legislation was introduced in the U.
2358 for the passage of the Chinese-American World War II Veteran Congressional Gold Medal Act. On September 12, 2018, S. 1050 is passed in the Senate. House of Representatives passes the bill on December 12, 2018.
The bill was signed into law Pub. 115-337 by President Trump on December 20, 2018.Mint and the Chinese American WWII Veterans Recognition Project works together to design the final medal. Generally the medal design process takes about 6-8 months. It has been estimated that between 12,000 and 20,000 Chinese-American men, representing up to 22 percent of the men in their portion of the U. Population, served during World War II.  Unlike Japanese and Filipino Americans, 75 percent served in non-segregated units.  Chinese Americans distinguished themselves from Japanese Americans, and suffered less discrimination.
A quarter of those would serve in the U. Army Air Forces, some of them were sent to the Chinese-Burma-India theater for service with the 14th Air Service Group and the Chinese-American Composite Wing.  Another 70 percent would go on to serve in the U. Army in various units, including the 3rd, 4th, 6th, 32nd and 77th Infantry Divisions.  Prior to the war, the U.
Navy had recruited Chinese Americans but they had been restricted to serve only as stewards; this continued until May 1942, when restrictions ceased and they were allowed to serve in other ratings.  In 1943, Chinese-American women were accepted into the Women's Army Corps in the Military Intelligence Service.  They were also recruited for service in the Army Air Force, with a few later becoming civilian Women Airforce Service Pilots.
Captain Francis Wai of the 34th Infantry was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for actions on the island of Leyte in late 1944; this awarding was later elevated to a Medal of Honor in the 2000 review.  Wilbur Carl Sze became the first Chinese-American officer commissioned in the Marine Corps. On May 4, 2017, Senators Tammy Duckworth, Thad Cochran and Mazie Hirono introduced S. 1050 Chinese-American World War II Veteran Congressional Gold Medal Act and Representatives Ed Royce and Ted Lieu introduced a companion bill H. Efforts to pass the bill were led by the Chinese American WWII Veterans Recognition Project.  The bill was passed in the Senate on September 12, 2018,  and in the House on December 12, 2018.  President Donald Trump signed the bill, enacting it into law on December 20, 2018. In 2018, following years of grass-roots campaigning and advocacy from Chinese Americans across the U. Congress authorized the Congressional Gold Medal (CGM) to be awarded to the Chinese American Veterans of World War II. These veterans' acts of patriotism, loyalty, and courage occurred at a time when the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 prevented non-U. Born Chinese Americans from obtaining citizenship. As many as 20,000 served, 40% of whom were not American citizens yet answered America's call to serve with pride and honor. For over 70 years, Chinese American patriotism went unrecognized UNTIL NOW.
The Museum of Chinese in America (MOCA) is proud to honor and remember the contributions of Chinese American WWII Veterans and join hands with the American Legion Cathay Post 384, Chinese American Citizens Alliance C. , and Chinese Historical Society of America (CHSA) in being an official Commemorative Partner of the WWII Chinese American G. Program, an ongoing initiative that will host a series of virtual events to educate people around the world about this often forgotten and ignored generation of veterans. MOCA recognizes along with its fellow Commemorative Partners that we must all seize what may be the final opportunity to tell the story of Chinese American WWII Veterans and honor the contributions and sacrifices they made on behalf of the nation and community.
The first event in this yearlong initiative is a live webinar titled Operation: WWII Chinese American G. That will be live-streamed on Zoom on Saturday, August 29, 2020, at 1:15 P. This webinar is recognized by the U. Department of Defense, as a Commemorative Partner, as it celebrates the 75th Anniversary of the end of WWII. The event is FREE but advance registration is required.REGISTER EARLY to secure your spot! The webinar will not just explore dates and places significant to Chinese American World War II history, but also explore the war through the lens of the world's largest private collection of Chinese American and military memorabilia. Picture a pair of boots, with a medal beside it. Who was the hero who filled these shoes? Additionally, a clip from the Emmy-nominated PBS film We Served with Pride: The Chinese American Experience in WWII, will be shown.
This film features 15 Chinese American WWII Veterans whose common virtue was to serve with uncommon valor. The keynote speaker will be filmmaker, author, and military historian Montgomery Hom who will share personal veteran stories as told through his collection of Chinese American WWII memorabilia, the largest private collection of its kind. Panelists are Major General William Chen, United States Army Ret.
, the first Chinese-American two-star general in the U. Army; and author / historian Connie Young Yu. Monty is an independent producer and a longtime production and historical military subject matter specialist.Monty consults on many Hollywood film and TV productions. His work can be seen in the Academy Award nominated film Ford v Ferrari.
His Emmy-nominated PBS film We Served with Pride: The Chinese American Experience in WWII will be relaunched as a new re-mastered version for its 20th anniversary in 2021. As a young boy, hearing stories of an uncle who was a paratrooper with the 82nd Airborne during the invasion of Normandy kick-started his deep passion for researching and collecting artifacts, and data on Chinese Americans in WWII. Today, this collection is the largest privately-held grouping of its kind. His wife is a long-serving United States Naval officer presently deployed in Northern Afghanistan. MAJOR GENERAL WILLIAM CHEN, UNITED STATES ARMY RET.
Chen (retired), better known as Bill Chen, is a third-generation Chinese-American. Bill served as a career U.
Army officer for over 32 years and retired as a Major General-the first Chinese American to wear two-star rank in the U. As a Major General, he commanded the U. Army Missile Command and later served as the Army's first Program Executive Officer for Missile Defense-directing all of the Army's missile defense programs.His father was a U. Army Air Forces pilot in the 14th Air Force, under Gen. Claire Chennault, in the China-Burma-India (CBI) theater.
Bill was also a part of the team that helped gain passage of the Chinese American World War II Veterans Congressional Gold Medal Act. Connie Young Yu, a fourth-generation Californian, is an author, historian, and board member emeritus of the Chinese Historical Society of America. She is the author of Chinatown San Jose, USA and co-editor of Voices from the Railroad: Stories by Descendants of Chinese Railroad Workers. She was co-producer of the exhibition Called to Rise: Chinese Americans in CBI. Young, served in the China-Burma-India (CBI) theater as a combat ordnance officer.During the Korean War, as Commander of Cathay Post American Legion, Young spearheaded the project for the War Memorial at St. Mary's Square in San Francisco honoring Chinese American servicemen killed in WWI and WWII. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Militaria\WW II (1939-45)\Original Period Items\United States\Home Front". The seller is "memorabilia111" and is located in this country: US. This item can be shipped to United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, South Africa, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Bahamas, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Croatia, Republic of, Malaysia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts-Nevis, Saint Lucia, Montserrat, Turks and Caicos Islands, Barbados, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Brunei Darussalam, Bolivia, Ecuador, Egypt, French Guiana, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Guadeloupe, Iceland, Jersey, Jordan, Cambodia, Cayman Islands, Liechtenstein, Sri Lanka, Luxembourg, Monaco, Macau, Martinique, Maldives, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, Pakistan, Paraguay, Reunion, Vietnam, Uruguay.